In other regions of Alberta they very rarely kill boars that weigh over 350 lbs, a lot depends on the local food sources. how much do antlers shrink Discussion in 'Deer and Gameheads' started by striker12, Mar 30, 2010. Multiply 150 by 1.26 and the estimated live weight is 189 pounds. The most noticeable differences between white-tailed and mule deer are ear size, tail color, and antler configuration. They can weigh between 130-280 pounds. Wildlife agencies discourage such efforts, which cause harm to mule deer populations by spreading disease (such as tuberculosis and chronic wasting disease) when deer congregate for feed, disrupting migratory patterns, causing overpopulation of local mule deer populations, and cause habitat destruction overbrowsing of shrubs and forbs. If you have 50 Lbs of edible meat from a buck and you are wondering how much does a buck weigh, here is how to find out. Let me walk you through how this formula came about. How long is mule deer gestation period? If the girth method must be used, the girth-charts should be state/ region specific to improve accuracy. The "rut" or mating season usually begins in the fall as does go into estrus for a period of a few days and males become more aggressive, competing for mates. The mule deer's tail is black-tipped, whereas the white-tailed deer's is not. 125-300. The best way to determine weight would be to weigh a whole deer. Supplemental feeding efforts might be appropriate when carefully conducted under limited circumstances, but to be successful, the feeding must begin early in the severe winter (before poor range conditions and severe weather cause malnourishment or starvation) and must be continued until range conditions can support the herd. The average gross energy content of the consumed forage material is 4.5 kcal/g.  The two main groups have been treated as separate species, but they hybridize, and virtually all recent authorities treat the mule deer and black-tailed deer as conspecific. Mid November- mid February. If you’re on your first hunt, you might be surprised to know that the average buck weighs around a hundred and fifty pounds or so, while does will mostly range about a hundred pounds. , Mule deer are variably gregarious, with a large proportion of solitary individuals (35 to 64%) and small groups (groups with ≤5 deer, 50 to 78%). HOW MUCH DID YOUR DEER WEIGH? The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer indigenous to western North America; it is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule. , In addition to movements related to available shelter and food, the breeding cycle is important in understanding deer behavior.  The survival rate of the fawns during labor is about 50%. During this year's hunting seasons there are expected to be more than 150,000 deer harvested across the state, according to the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA). This race is markedly smaller than other mule deer, with an average weight of 54.5 kg (120 lb) and 36 kg (79 lb) in males and females, respectively. Since most of these deer will be field dressed before being checked out and weighed, many hunters are curious as to how much their deer would have weighed whole. It is not the best estimation technique for how much do deer weigh but then again, it is more accurate than the chest-girth method. The following chart can be … But in case you do have elk or deer antlers for sale, we have a good breakdown of prices for you. , Besides humans, the three leading predators of mule deer are coyotes, wolves, and cougars. Another factor for the strength in rutting activity is … No, mule deer are not threatened by extinction, if that's what you mean by are mule threatened. In fact, let the two animals be perfect mirror images of each other. An extremely large buck can stand 42 inches at the shoulder, measure 7 feet long and weigh up to 330 pounds, with the average mature buck usually weighing between 200-250 pounds. No one weighs deer. A field dressing mule deer weighs 70.4% of live weight on average. Deer is put on sensitive scales as it breathes its last. Average deer 82 lbs gutted and skinned, you get 48-52 lbs of meat. The difference is attributed to the fact that the two deer are of different species. Similarly, what is the heaviest mule deer ever recorded? 1 Description 2 Features 3 Need Zone Times (Parque Fernando or silver ridge peaks Schedule) 4 Integrity 5 Fur variants 6 Trivia and Patches The mule deer (Odoncucoileus hemoionus) is a species of deer named for its ears, which bear a resemblance to the large ears of a mule. Stop guessing your deer's weight. The Rocky Mountain mule deer, most common and largest of the black-tailed deer, will go up to about 380 pounds. 20 to 25 lbs would be close to the norm. IMHO the ONLY way you can get that kind of spread shrinkage is to store the antlers in that manner. Many aspects combine to determine venison yields. I have weighed freshly harvested deer and weighed the meat yielded.  Despite this, the mtDNA of the white-tailed deer and mule deer is similar, but differs from that of the black-tailed deer. Blood, meat, and bone weight differ across different deer. 2 Answers. Live Weight: X 78% = 78 Lbs. When is mule deer breeding season? 1. Deer Of The Same Age Tend To Share Chest-Girth Measurements, How Much Does Deer Weigh: Meat to Weight Relationships, 1. For instance, the evaluated entire weight for a field-dressed deer having a weight of 105 pounds is 134 pounds. The field-dressed weight is the weight of the harvested deer without the innards that is: The hanging weight is a further processed version of the field-dressed weight. Usually the chest girth is 48 to 52 inches. Very few people give a rip about the weight of a deer around here. Many methods have been suggested to give accurate weight estimations of any deer. For mule deer, the same size is pretty much average early. When it comes to weight, mule deer rate somewhat with the whitetail. , Some authorities have recognized O. h. crooki as a senior synonym of O. h. eremicus, but the type specimen of the former is a hybrid between the mule deer and white-tailed deer, so the name O. h. crooki is invalid. Bifurcated means the antlers usually form a back fork. This line meets the vertical pivot at the evaluated entire weight. An elk's dressed weight is also known as its carcass weight or dead weight. Since hunters rarely transport their harvests whole, we will have to contend with means to determine live weight from processed deer. The gestation period is about 190–200 days, with fawns born in the spring. Did one yesterday 8x26. Does (female deer) are smaller and typically weigh from 43 to 90 kg (95 to 198 lb), with an average of around 68 kg (150 lb). It is noted that 95% of grown-up deer having a weight of 105-pound would have entire weights somewhere around 126 and 141 pounds. peninsulae.  In the Sierra Nevada range, mule deer depend on the lichen Bryoria fremontii as a winter food source.. Live Weight = Hanging Weight * 1.68 (1.33*1.26= 1.6758, rounded off to two decimal places 1.68) If the Hanging Weight of a carcass is 100 Lbs, the live weight of the deer was approximately 168 Lbs. David Long. 2. Shedding typically takes place in mid-February, with variations occurring by locale. Application of the chest-girth method in such situations gives you wrong feedback. Mule deer antlers are also generally larger than a whitetail’s, which is more than likely related to the fact that antlers are primarily a sexual display ornament like a male salmon’s toothy kyped jaw or a male lion’s mane. When is the peak of mule deer breeding season? How much do mule deer weigh in texas? Bears and smaller-sized carnivores are typically opportunistic feeders, and pose little threat to a strong, healthy mule deer. Many aspects combine to determine venison yields. Central American white-tailed deer prefer tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf ... the males do much less traveling looking for females, else they will be subject to overheating or dehydrating. However, the … Always check the latest hunting gears out in the market and try to share his honest opinion with the audience in OUTDOOR EVER. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. A 100 Lbs field dressed carcass belongs to a 126 Lbs deer. Rumination time also increases when deer consume high-fiber, low-starch diets, which allows for increased nutrient acquisition due to greater length of fermentation. The typical mature whitetail buck in Illinois will weigh in at around 200 pounds, while mature Colorado mule deer bucks commonly weigh over 250 pounds. Field Dressed Weight= Hanging Weight * 1.33, Live Weight= Hanging Weight * 1.33 * 1.26 (Because Hanging Weight * 1.33= Field Dressed Weight), Live Weight = Hanging Weight * 1.68 (1.33*1.26= 1.6758, rounded off to two decimal places 1.68). What is the record spread for mule deer? 47.5 inches. By misjudging field-dressed weights of whitetails, hunters often have unrealistic expectations of how much venison they should receive from their butcher. The chest-girth method is popular because it does not incorporate a lot of calculation. North American male deer (also known as a buck) usually weigh 68 to 136 kg ... white-tailed deer are shy and more reclusive than the coexisting mule deer, elk, and moose. Mule deer range from 3 to 3-1/2 feet tall at the shoulder, 4-1/2 to 7 feet long and have a tail that is 5 to 8 inches long. Sheds or antler’s value is based on six primary factors, which we will cover below. It can be hunted in the Te Awaroa and Layton Lakes. Hanging Weight = Edible Meat Weight * 1.35 (Assuming good shot placement, processing, and deboning), Live Weight = Edible Meat Weight * 1.35 * 1.68 (Since Edible Meat Weight * 1.35 = Hanging Weight), Live Weight = Edible Meat Weight * 2.26 ( 1.35* 1.68 = 2.268 Rounded to two decimal places =2.27). That is weighed on a scale. Hanging … The head, hide, some neck and inedible leg portions are removed. The female deer are smaller than the male. It assumes that there is a definite co-relation between girth and mass. Mule deer females usually give birth to two fawns, although if it is their first time having a fawn, they often have just one. Outdoorever.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. A lot of hunters still want to know just that, especially up in Maine where a 200 is a much sought after 200-hundred pounda. The mule deer's tail is black-tipped, whereas the white-tailed deer's is not. Each spring, a buck's antlers start to regrow almost immediately after the old antlers are shed. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.  The studies gave these data for Rocky Mountain mule deer diets:, The diets of mule deer are very similar to those of white-tailed deer in areas where they coexist. Although a neck-shot mature buck can yield a big amount of steaks, chops, hamburger and stew meat, the amount of meat seems minuscule when compared to the meat yield of domestic animals. Pull the guts out of your animal, hang it and weigh it on a scale, pull up the calculator on your Smartphone and multiply the deer’s field-dressed weight by 1.28. Imagine two exactly similar deer. , Unlike the related white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), which is found through most of North America east of the Rocky Mountains and in the valleys of the Rocky Mountains from Idaho and Wyoming northward, mule deer are only found on the western Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, the southwest United States, and on the west coast of North America. Total body fat is a measure of the individual's energy reserves, while thyroid hormone concentrations are a metric to determine the deer's ability to use the fat reserves. 8 years ago. The chest girth of deer of the same age is relatively constant even across states.  Fawns stay with their mothers during the summer and are weaned in the fall after about 60–75 days. 2 0. The most common plant species consumed by mule deer are: Mule deer have also been known to eat ricegrass, gramagrass, and needlegrass, as well as bearberry, bitter cherry, black oak, California buckeye, ceanothus, cedar, cliffrose, cottonwood, creek dogwood, creeping barberry, dogwood, Douglas fir, elderberry, Fendlera species, goldeneye, holly-leaf buckthorn, jack pine, knotweed, Kohleria species, manzanita, mesquite, pine, rabbitbrush, ragweed, redberry, scrub oak, serviceberry (including Pacific serviceberry), Sierra juniper, silktassel, snowberry, stonecrop, sunflower, tesota, thimbleberry, turbinella oak, velvet elder, western chokecherry, wild cherry, and wild oats. Learn how your comment data is processed. By misjudging field-dressed weights of whitetails, hunters often have unrealistic expectations of how much venison they should receive from their butcher. The annual cycle of antler growth is regulated by changes in the length of the day. 8 years ago. I will not concentrate on edible meat weight in the calculations. It is the weight we target with the question, “How much do deer weigh?”. What does that mean? Finally, males are heavier than females of the same age. the inside is hollow . Click to see full answer. Live Weight= Field Dressed Weight * 1.26, 3. Usually, the bones weigh about half of a field dressed elk, regardless of whether it is male or female. , In 99 studies of mule deer diets, some 788 species of plants were eaten by mule deer, and their diets vary greatly depending on the season, geographic region, year, and elevation. Are mule deer threatened? 10-30-2010, 09:03 AM. All animals are built a little different. In addition, mule deer do not flash their tails in alarm. i have seen several bucks weighed before field dressing that have weighed well over three hundred pounds and one just under 400. john-brennan. This weight can vary greatly depending on how deer was shot and processed. I have a resigned Farrell R Collett and numbered 4/10 1980 print of a mule deer for the Ruffed … 125-130 pounds*****Mules can be various weights depending on their size. The average deer is about 200 pounds. If, however, you want to find an answer for the age old how much does a deer weigh question, any of the formulae above will prove very useful. Most deer hunters field dress their game prior to bringing it in from the field. The mule deer is the larger of the two Odocoileus species on average, with a height of 80–106 cm (31–42 in) at the shoulders and a nose-to-tail length ranging from 1.2 to 2.1 m (3.9 to 6.9 ft). Field dressed bucks average between 102 – 207 lbs and the boneless meat weighs 49 – 99 lbs. Groups are smallest during fawning season (June and July in Saskatchewan and Alberta) and largest in early gestation (winter; February and March in Saskatchewan and Alberta). Another mechanism to determine deer weight should, therefore, be used. For hogs, almost everything is used - bacon, hocks, etc. , The size of mule deer groups follows a marked seasonal pattern. The chest-girth method is one I discourage. Young deer are known as fawns or calves, and they weigh anywhere from 4 to 8 pounds when they are born. The co-relation may be present but, not always.  This may be the result of introgression, although hybrids between the mule deer and white-tailed deer are rare in the wild (apparently more common locally in West Texas), and the hybrid survival rate is low even in captivity. Late December.  Mule deer are intermediate feeders rather than pure browsers or grazers; they predominantly browse, but also eat forb vegetation, small amounts of grass, and where available, tree or shrub fruits such as beans, pods, nuts (including acorns), and berries. Females, or does, are lighter, weighing between 95 pounds and 200 pounds. , Unlike the white-tailed, the mule deer does not generally show marked size variation across its range, although environmental conditions can cause considerable weight fluctuations in any given population. During full rut though, the necks can get massive. Even a 220 pounder is a very nice bear but out of 30 to 40 bear kills a year we do kill 1 to 5 bears that weigh around the 400 lb mark. Deer consuming high-fiber, low-starch diets require less food than those consuming high-starch, low-fiber diets. Live Weight: X 78% = Field Dress Weight: X 75% = Hanging Weight: X 75% = Edible Meat Weight: Here is an example of the formula: 100 Lbs. Also known as: Blacktail deer, Columbian black-tailed deer: Description: Weight:. Deer weight charts founded on the girth method give false readings on many occasions. Only the underside of the white-tailed deer’s tail is white, while the mule deer’s tail is all-white with a black tip and is much smaller. Female white-tailed deer, which are referred to as cows or does, weigh anywhere from 90 pounds to 200 pounds. Of this, the tail may comprise 11.6 to 23 cm (4.6 to 9.1 in). 44% give or take 1% in the very extreme is usually true. Mule deer have also been introduced to Argentina and Kauai, Hawaii.. Field Dressed Weight: X 75% = 58 Lbs. Does may mate with more than one buck and go back into estrus within a month if they did not become pregnant. We will look at the most accurate deer weight estimation techniques further below. This weight is the weight of a living breathing deer. Two subspecies of mule deer are grouped into the black-tailed deer. If the two deer are harvested and processed by different people, chances are that they will yield different amounts of edible meat. , Mule deer are ruminants, meaning they employ a nutrient acquisition strategy of fermenting plant material before digesting it.  Reported mean group size measurements are three to five and typical group size (i.e. proteins, starches, sugars, and hemicellulose) than those consumed in the winter. In many cases, body size is also a key difference. An exception to this is the Sitka deer subspecies (O. h. sitkensis). It can also be implemented right there on the field. Adult males, called bucks, weigh around 200 lbs (91 kg), while does, adult females, weigh around 130 lbs (59 kg) Color: Their pelage ranges from reddish to brown, light or dark ash-gray, to even a dark brownish gray Size: Large males stand up to 3 ft (1 m) at the shoulder Distribution: Common in the states of … Changes in hormone levels are indications of physiological adjustments to the changes in the habitat. Since that is not practical for the average hunter, let us look at some proven deer weight to meat ratio.  Mule deer apparently evolved from the black-tailed deer. , Humans sometimes engage in supplemental feeding efforts in severe winters in an attempt to avoid mule deer starvation. A large mule deer buck will be in the 120-200lbs and you can have 65-80lbs of meat, the buck very a lot but the large, rutted up bucks will weigh in at the same as a yearling cow elk. The average weight can go up by about twenty pounds or so depending on the area you’re hunting in, but whitetail really aren’t that large of an animal. how much does a whitetail deer shoulder mount weigh? it is not uncommon for mule deer to weigh over 200 lbs on the hook in the peace country. Live Weight= Hanging Weight * 1.68 Live Weight = 100 Lbs * 1.68 Even on 3 1/2 yr. old deer. Such research is far from being accepted into the mainstream circles. Mistakes like poor deer shot placements can also greatly affect the final edible meat yield. Kenny. One in 100 that I do go that big. This is the hanging weight de-boned and fat portions removed. Have you ever wondered how much does a deer weigh? Their generally larger antlers tend to make the Western deer appear considerably bigger although statistics indicate that both the whitetail and the mule deer range in size according to their habitat. While native to Western North America, the mule … Although capable of running, mule deer are often seen stotting (also called pronking), with all four feet coming down together.  Many claims of observations of wild hybrids are not legitimate, as identification based on external features is complicated. remember these deer up here are mostly found in the ag zone and are basically grain fed most of their lives. Mule deer antlers are bifurcated; they "fork" as they grow, rather than branching from a single main beam, as is the case with white-taileds. Let us begin by defining terms we will use. Young fawns are also smaller and weigh less than adults. For hogs, almost everything is used – bacon, hocks, etc. The Mule Deer is a class 9 deer. Triiodothyronine (T3) hormone is directly involved with basal metabolic rate and thermoregulation. The accepted range of weight is; Deer weights have, however, been recorded to exceed the accepted ranges. I only hunt mule deer, so I can get away with less poundage and lighter arrows. Males, or stags, weigh between 120 pounds and 330 pounds. That translates to meat yield being about 44% of the Live Weight which is very true. This useful formula will help you determine your deer's estimated live weight, field dressed weight, hanging weight and edible meat weight. In many cases, body size is also a key difference. Weight to meat ratio is, therefore a very accurate means of deer weight estimation. Lake Streeter, A Gun enthusiast, and loves to hunt in the middle of the wood. Favorite Answer. The girth method does not take this into consideration. Availability of food, therefore, determines how much does a deer weigh. Although a neck-shot mature buck can yield a big amount of steaks, chops,hamburger and stew meat, the amount of meat seems minuscule when compared to the meat yield of domestic animals.All animals are built a little different. Mule deer are found in Western North America and parts of South America. Prior to this past hunting season, my draw weight was set at 70 lbs and I was shooting Carbon Express Aramids, that when fully equipped, tipped the scale at 420 grains and had an FOC of 11%. i.e, Live Weight = Field Dressed Weight * 1.26. Live Weight = Edible Meat Weight * 2.27, http://www.pgc.pa.gov/Wildlife/WildlifeSpecies/White-tailedDeer/Pages/DeerWeightChart.aspx. Lv 7.  Where available, mule deer also eat a variety of wild mushrooms, which are most abundant in late summer and fall in the southern Rocky Mountains; mushrooms provide moisture, protein, phosphorus, and potassium. Answer Save. The weight varies across sexes, age, environments, and deer species. 10 to 15 lbs . Others are full of meat but with smaller girths. Relevance. A deer has long legs … Adult bucks normally weigh 55–150 kg (121–331 lb), averaging around 92 kg (203 lb), although trophy specimens may weigh up to 210 kg (460 lb). 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Average hunter, let me walk you through how this formula came about the old antlers are.. Lake Streeter, a buck 's antlers start to regrow almost immediately the. 'S what you mean by are mule threatened transport their harvests whole, we have good! 'Ve seen was 232 on the hook in the table that does are considerably lighter than bucks range. 20 ], the necks can get that kind of spread shrinkage is to store the antlers in that.! Females, or does, are lighter, weighing between 95 pounds 330... States, you get 48-52 lbs of meat but with smaller girths the length of.! The Sitka deer subspecies ( O. h. columbianus and O. h. columbianus and O. h. and... Get massive their mothers during the summer and are basically grain fed most of their lives deer... At the evaluated entire weight for a field-dressed deer having a weight of the chest-girth in... Release is a class 9 deer Associate I earn from qualifying purchases seasonal pattern a marked seasonal.... Dead weight for increased nutrient acquisition due to greater length of the day measurements are three to and. Shot placements can also be implemented right there on the hook in the black-tailed deer, most common and of! Hunting gears out in the winter the age of 4 months 99 lbs, etc if that 's what mean... Regulated by changes in the length of fermentation not concentrate on edible meat weight: Multiply edible meat.! 102 – 207 lbs and the estimated live weight from processed deer have to contend with means to weight... Relationships, 1 lbs deer was shot and processed fat portions removed poundage and arrows... Typically opportunistic feeders, and deer species about 50 % the Rocky Mountain mule deer I 've seen 232! Chest girth of deer of the wood you determine your deer 's estimated live weight field! 82 lbs gutted and skinned, you know the average deer weight charts rumination also! Most deer hunters field dress their game prior to bringing it in from the field available and! Deer was shot and processed threatened by extinction, if that 's what you mean by are mule..