However, the Act does not prohibit some cruel activities, for example cockfighting. Section 9 of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 makes provision for imprisonment (of between 6 months and 2 years) and/or monetary fines for violation of provisions of the Act. In pledging in principle support for the UDAW, the three departments in question have recognised animal welfare as an individual issue and also provided a platform to incorporate animal welfare issues into a mainstream agenda linked to other work streams and policies for which they are responsible. Administrative Order No. Couple who cut open pregnant dog charged with animal cruelty. Animal welfare organizations are concerned with the health, safety and psychological wellness of individual animals. Infrastructure in the country also presents challenges to improving animal welfare, for example, with respect to transport. Therefore, animals should be unconscious before being bled, and no further processing should occur until irreversible loss of consciousness is confirmed. Similarly, the Philippine Government actively works with CITES and has enshrined their species conservation statuses into law. Catch the World Animal Day Virtual Mass and Pet Blessing today at 5.00 PM. 15 embeds the Five Freedoms. ANIMAL WELFARE - refers to the well-being of animals (see 5 Freedoms), tackles cruelty and neglect concerns (includes an animal not being given proper food, water, shelter, vet care), promotes responsible pet ownership, education campaigns and spay/neuter to prevent the problem of strays. Legislation for animals used for entertainment or draught purposes is limited. Section 3 makes it the responsibility of the Director of the Bureau of Animal Industry to supervise transport in order to ‘provide maximum comfort while in transit and minimize, if not totally eradicate, incidence of sickness and death and prevent any cruelty from being inflicted upon the animals’. SECTION 1. Animal welfare provisions within Administrative Order No. It is positive to see that the Five Freedoms have been embedded across legislation and administrative orders relating to companion animals. • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to align jurisdiction for animal welfare for all animals under one Ministry with resources for public education, enforcement, research and investigation. In fact, many of the supporting Administrative Orders supporting animal welfare legislation are more than a decade old. This includes space requirements, food and water provisions, barred implements for moving animals as well as barred inhumane acts including ear and tail twisting for example. Accredit breeder farms, swine centers and providers, and animal technicians in accordance with Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP). (RA 8485 as amended by RA 10631) *amendments are in bold letters. We cannot exist without our fellow creatures and they need us. Under this order, an animal is defined as any living being that has feelings and the power of voluntary motion. SECTION 1. However, it is noted that the country does permit the use of extreme confinement systems, such as the battery cage and the dry sow stall. However, there are no penalty provisions for violations contained within Administrative Order No.19. The Philippine Animal Welfare Society is a volunteer-based, non-government organization whose goal is to prevent animal cruelty through education, animal sheltering and advocacy, based in Quezon City, Philippines. The use of animal testing for cosmetic products and their ingredients does not appear to be restricted in legislation. The Animal Welfare Act identifies animal welfare as an individual issue, furthermore it is recognised that its impact is broad, and the Director of the Bureau of Animal Industry is able to call on any governmental department for assistance in the regulation and supervision of facilities covered by that Act. However, the recognition in section 1 of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998, that animals need to be able to express normal behaviour and to have their psychological as well as physical needs met, as well as the existing regulations on registration of zoos, may provide a route by which improvements can be made in this area. The continuation of “Animal Welfare Week” since 2004 suggests a high-level political will to improve animal welfare across the country, as does their ongoing commitment to CITES and the new Wildlife Law Enforcement Action Plan. Philippine Animal Welfare Society (PAWS) PAWS is a volunteer-based non-government organization whose goal is to prevent animal cruelty through education, animal sheltering and advocacy. This Administrative Order No. The Philippines has its own national association for zoos and aquariums. Administrative Order No. Animals used in scientific research are covered by and specifically referred to in the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 and Administrative Order No. As with many other animal related administrative orders, Order No. Apparently, six years ago, when Kath turned 18, one of her first tasks as an adult was to reach out to an animal welfare group to lend her support–and she had already chosen, at the time, CARA. The Animal Kingdom Foundation, a non-profit animal welfare NGO, on the other hand, has a more active approach to combating animal cruelty and eliminating the practice of illegal slaughtering of dogs. Why It Matters. Collection of threatened species is allowed for the purposes of scientific research, breeding or propagation. Reaching out to her fans and animal lovers like herself, Kath was able to get the word out to Filipinos wanting to get a pet to, as much as … Follow Us on Facebook! There are also contradictions in Philippine legislation as under Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001), it is illegal to collect, hunt or possess wildlife species, both flora and fauna, without a valid permit. 40 of 1999 on Rules and Regulations on the Conduct of Scientific Procedures using Animals has limited application as animals used for clinical testing for veterinary products are exempt from the requirements of the order and the definition of “animal” is limited to vertebrate (both wild and domestic). This does not apply to animal control centres, catteries, kennels and pet shops. Similarly, the Act also allows wildlife and exotic species to be kept as pets. However, there are challenges in improving animal welfare in a country where farming methods range from backyard farming to large commercial operations and where social and cultural attitudes to animals may inhibit efforts. Section 28 of the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act makes provisions for imprisonment and/or monetary fines for violation of the provisions of the Act. Its aim was to prevent future animal losses for communities whose farm animals were suffering in Haiyan’s aftermath through lack of shelter and protection. Under Administrative Order No. The volunteer-based organization rehabilitates these animals in the hope of finding them new homes and […] The does not appear to be any restriction in the law as to which animals can be kept as pets. However, the Act does not define which animals are protected by these provisions. The amendment also allows the Secretary of the Department of Agriculture to deputize animal welfare enforcement officers from NGOs, citizens groups, community organisations and other volunteers who have undergone necessary training. While the experiment approval committees are asked to consider the 3 Rs Principles in their decision-making, there is no onus on researchers to consider the 3 Rs Principles or animal welfare in designing their experiments. • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to promote and provide resources for responsible pet ownership, relying on mandatory vaccinations and neutering programmes. Lead in the conduct of animal disease outbreak and other epidemiological investigations. Â. Similarly, the voltage of electric prods is also defined as well as circumstances for usage. Administrative Order 8 of 1999 on registration of facilities states that certificates can be revoked for failure to comply, and also provides for imprisonment of between six months and two years and/or a fine (sections 5 and 7). Administrative Order No. Furthermore, jurisdiction for animal protection is divided with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources protecting all terrestrial animal species, all turtles and tortoises, all wetland species (i.e. 32 of 2000  regarding dog shows states that shows must adhere to the Five Freedoms. Breach of the prohibition on inflicting other injury or maltreatment under section 27(h) of that Act is punishable with imprisonment of between five days and one year and/or fines, depending on the conservation status of the animal (section 28). They also must allow their animals ample time to rest. It is noted that the October 2013 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 include an explanation of animal welfare as pertaining to the physical and psychological well-being of animals, and including the avoidance of abuse, maltreatment, cruelty and exploitation by humans by maintaining appropriate standards and the assurance of freedom from fear, distress, harassment, and unnecessary discomfort and pain, and allowing animals to express normal behaviour (section 1). The participants of Mindanao Hog Cholera Eradication Program Strategic Workshop in Cagayan de Oro City on May 23-25, 2017 participating in a group planning activity on how hog cholera will be eradicated in Mindanao by 2020. Philippine Animal Welfare Society (PAWS) PAWS drafted Republic Act 8485 or the Philippine Animal Welfare Bill. The same Administrative Order covering companion animals such as cats and dogs also covers wild animals kept as pets.However, wild animals kept in private homes can never thrive. Under Section 8 of the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001), it is illegal to collect, hunt or possess wildlife species unless a person or entity can prove financial and technical capability for maintenance, provided that the animal was not captured in violation of the Act. • The Government is encouraged to amend Administrative Order No. [REPUBLIC ACT NO. There is also no indication in the law of any interaction between the Wildlife Management Committees and the Committee on Animal Welfare. In relation to circuses and carnival animal shows, section 3.2.4.1 provides that animals “should be tamed and/or behaviourally modified or trained to perform certain behaviours on cue or command”, without causing injury or suffering to the animals. 12 of 2002 provides transport recommendations and prohibitions for the transport of chickens.  Administrative Order No. Cultural traditions and societal practices in the Philippines that demonstrate a lack of regard for animal sentience, such as cockfighting and the presence of marine mammals in captive conditions present barriers to improving animal welfare and demonstrate a general lack of recognition of animal sentience by society.   Â. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled. Both departments run separate committees such as the Committee of Animal Welfare (Department of Agriculture) and the National Committee on Wildlife Management (Department of Environment and Natural Resources); however, there is no suggestion that these two committees work together to ensure animal welfare protections for all animals under their jurisdictions. The Government is urged to engage with the International Companion Animal Management (ICAM) coalition to learn about and implement their dog population management methodology. Breach of the prohibition on inflicting crippling injury under section 27(b) of the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act is punishable with imprisonment of between one month and six years and/or fines, depending on the conservation status of the animal (section 28). Under Section 10, the Act also allows for the live import and export of wild animals under permit. • The Government is urged to mandate the use of the most humane techniques for euthanasia, according to the species concerned, in order to prevent distress to the animals. The existing legislation provides some good foundations for the protection of the welfare of wild animals. The Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan includes initiatives and projects that will result in improved animal welfare for wild animal, however, this has not been translated into protections or provisions in law. It promotes adopting instead of buying pets in … Administrative Order No. Regulations should include appropriate housing, feeding, handling and husbandry by species and promote the Five Freedoms for all individual animals. Section 7 of the Animal Welfare Act (1998) provides that “It shall be the duty of every person to protect the natural habitat of the wildlife. The Administration Order also provided minimum required space for housing, shelter and transport based on size. This goal examines government commitment to animal protection. The Government of the Philippines is recommended to align all animal welfare legislation and jurisdictions under one government department with enough resources for education, enforcement and to continue to improve animal welfare. The Role of Animal Welfare in Dealing with Animal Abuse, Cruelty and Neglect Some venues for using animals in entertainment such as circuses or carnivals are regulated, but there are few animal welfare provisions. There is some evidence of any barriers to improving animal welfare related to the OIE’s guiding principles and animal welfare standards in the Philippines, for example, because of the ongoing issues regarding management of stray cat and dog populations. The Committee on Animal Welfare formed under the Act is based in the Department of Agriculture and provides a strong platform for improving farm animal welfare in the country. Similarly, guidelines on chicken and pig rearing, transport and slaughter were written to align with OIE standards. Vision PAWS is a credible nationwide non-profit organization, composed of a network of committed, compassionate and trustworthy individuals and institutions that initiates and leads in the promotion of animal welfare, and the protection of all … • The Government is encouraged to further promote animal welfare for the sake of animal welfare, rather than through the lens of the productivity of animal-based industries such as farming and zoos. Section 8 of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 makes provision for imprisonment (of between 6 months and 2 years) and/or monetary fines for violation of any provisions of the Act. Such establishments are required to be managed by qualified staff, who are able to undertake behavioural observation to ensure that no pain or suffering is experienced by the animals (section 3.2.3). • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to ban inherently cruel practices such as use of electric prods. • Legislation regarding the transport of animals should protect their Five Freedoms. Although the legislative provisions relating to farm animals are positive, they are broad and lacking in detail and enforcement mechanisms are not clear. Collaboration with State Universities of the Philippines for Animal Health Programs. Administrative Order 8 of 1999  on registration of facilities reiterates that certificates can be revoked for failure to comply, and also provides for imprisonment of between six months and two years and/or a fine (sections 5 and 7).Administrative Order No. PAWS is a registered non-profit organization in the Philippines dedicated to the protection and the promotion of humane treatment of all animals. 15 to provide clarification on adequate rest time, weight carriage and working temperature parameters. Â. Additionally, other Governmental departments and stakeholders are brought into animal welfare as an issue through the Committee on Animal Welfare, which is responsible for writing and maintaining the guidelines and standards for animal welfare in the country and for authorising scientific research on animals under section 6 of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998. 9147 as they can be farmed, however it is stipulated that they may be subject to other regulations from the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (Rule 3.3). These strategies are an attempt by the Philippine Government to curb the illegal wildlife trade for which the Philippines is a consumer, source and transport hub. Philippine Animal Welfare Society (PAWS) Founded in 1954, PAWS led the pursuit of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 (also known as Republic Act 8485) in the Philippines. Animal welfare is recognised as an individual issue by the Animal Welfare Act of 1998, which also recognises the far-reaching impacts of animal welfare by providing that the Director of the Bureau of Animal Industry may call upon any government agency for assistance in supervising and regulating commercial facilities (section 3). In the Philippines, animal welfare legislation is made up of the Animal Welfare Act (1998), the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001) and a large number of supporting Administrative Orders regulating many processes and facilities that affect animal lives, such as farm animal transport and pet shops. A couple who performed an operation on their pregnant dog has been charged with animal cruelty, an animal welfare group said Tuesday. There are no enforcement mechanisms for failure to adhere to animal welfare law or duty of care of these facilities to animals under Administrative Order No. Phoenix Animal Welfare, Adoption & Education Center Visit the Shelter. WE DO NOT HAVE BRANCHES ANYWHERE ELSE. The Committee on Animal Welfare also promotes animal welfare because it has responsibility for the development of guidelines and procedures under section 5 of the Act. However, the Philippines is a consumer, source and transit point for the illegal wildlife trade which is valued at an estimated US$1billion a year.  While the Government has taken steps to curb the illegal wildlife trade which will have an impact on animal welfare for wild animals, animal welfare does not appear to be a main priority. The Department of Agriculture-Regional Field Office (DA-RFO) 4 held its Regional PhilAHIS Conference last July 11, OIE - World Organization for Animal Health, Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Religious and Ritual slaughter is governed by Administrative Order No. AHWD Staff conducting a regular meeting with some swine breeder practitioners in the Philippines. The Committee is required to inspect animal care and use facilities at least once annually and evaluate veterinary care, animal environment, housing, management including physical environment, behavioural management and husbandry.Section 15 of the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001) also allows the capture of wild animals for scientific research. 55 of 1991). Fur farming is inherently cruel and causes pain, distress and suffering to animals. Long distance transport is inherently cruel as it involves chronic stress for all animals and for some species and modes of transport it may involve overpopulation, exhaustion, excess heat or cold, inadequate ventilation and/or access to food and water, leading to disease, pain, injury or death. Section 8 states that it shall be the duty of every person to protect the natural habitat of wildlife, adding that destruction of natural habitat is considered as a form of cruelty to animals. Administrative Order No 8. It is positive that zoos must have a licence to operate, and that such a licence cannot be given if that facility causes pain or suffering to animals. 15 includes the prohibition of tail docking and ear trimming (except for health reasons), soring or firing and facial branding. • The Government of the Philippines is recommended to ban the use of wild animals for public performances of any kind, including in zoos, and never allow animals to interact with members of the public. • The Government is encouraged to fully ban fur farming. In addition to general requirements about allowing sufficient space (section 3.1.9), the only specific requirement for catteries, kennels and pet shops is that handouts on the care of the animals must accompany every sale (section 3.2.1.1). Administrative Order No. It is the purpose of this Act to protect and promote the welfare of all terrestrial, aquatic and marine animals in the Philippines by supervising and regulating the establishment and operations of all facilitiesutilized for breeding, maintaining, keeping, treating or … • The Government of the Philippines has pledged support to the UDAW through the support of various departments. Republic of the Philippines Congress of the Philippines Metro Manila Fifteenth Congress Third Regular Session. It states the aim of the order is to promote positive integration of animal welfare and humane practices in the use of animals during religious or ritual circumstances and well as to control the indiscriminate slaughter of non-food animals under the guide of spiritual, religious, tribal or ethnic custom (Section 2). Chickens are required to be provided enough space for them all to lie down at the same time (Section 4.3). Live export of farm animals including poultry is allowed under Philippines law. The cultural acceptance of these practices acts as a significant barrier to improving animal welfare in the Philippines. The Philippines Animal Welfare Society. Â. While there are many aspects to Philippine law that have a positive effect on animal welfare, this is not equal across all animal species. It is stated that the killing of animals “shall be done through humane procedure at all times” where “humane procedures shall mean the use of the most scientific methods available as may be determined and approved by the Committee”.Section 6 also addresses the use of animals in research, but this legislation does not cover all the issues covered by the animal welfare standards. 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