"Strachey, (Giles) Lytton The biographer's responsibility was to preserve both a becoming brevity and his own freedom of spirit, which for Strachey meant illustrating … He had made his first real impact on the literary world with Eminent Victorians (1918), in which he presented the early twentieth-century reader with a series of iconoclastic portraits of some of the idols of the previous century. ." World Encyclopedia. He also spent his Thursday evenings in the decade before World War I at the Gordon Square home of Virginia and Vanessa Stephen. Of all the Bloomsberries, Strachey took precedence (for instance, the Bloomsbury Group began to decline after his own death in 1932). Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. However, the date of retrieval is often important. . But "friendship" meant, for Strachey, homosexual love. He was schooled at Leamington College, Liverpool University College, and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was rather an artist with words. The war-weary generation wanted to hear this wholesale assault on past idols. He favored for himself brief biographies, the art of which rested on the subject's motive and personality as he saw it. Encyclopedia.com. ." NATIONALITY: British DIED: 1941, Lewes, Sussex, England Encyclopedia.com. Strachey died of cancer on January 21, 1932, surrounded by his friends, at Ham Spray House, Hungerford. ." He published his major book, Eminent Victorians, in 1918. Author Bio: Lytton Strachey. Strachey was a person who was gay. DIED: 1951, Paris, France NATIONALITY: British Even so, he had an iron will and sat in cultural judgment of the world his parents inhabited: the Victorian era. ), English biographer and critic who opened a new era of biographical writing at the close of World War I. BIOGRAPHY . After Eminent Victorians (1918) and Queen Victoria (1921), he wrote Elizabeth and Essex (1928) and Portraits in Miniature (1931). Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. . Taddeo, Julie Anne. Since the 1990s Queer theorists have championed Strachey—with his effeminate style of dress, high voice, and penchant for Wildean satire—as a camp artist. Marshlands (1895) After his death in 1932 from cancer, Carrington committed suicide, noting in her diary that she was unable to live without Strachey. Surrounded by those he regarded as fellow "Greek souls," Strachey became a vocal advocate of the physical and spiritual superiority of all-male love. The portrait of Strachey is a gentle and affectionate one. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. André Gide and Maynard Keynes were often furiously in love with the same male students, and often Keynes won the upper hand. The last release addressed new findings in the quarter … After writing on Augustus John and Bernard Shaw, in 1994, Holroyd again revised the biography into a single volume, Lytton Strachey: The New Biography. A. Richards (1893–1979) and F. R. Leavis (1895–1978) as elitist and apolitical. Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) was a historian, literary critic, and Bloomsbury wit whose ironic prose style and sense of rupture with the Victorian past helped to define English literary modernism. the best literary biography to appear for many years. Lytton Strachey was born on March 1, 1880 in London, England as Giles Lytton Strachey. Virginia Woolf Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/giles-lytton-strachey. The conspiracy of public silence by which the Apostles, Bloomsbury Group, and other circles in England kept hidden from the world their sexual proclivities is yet to be studied. See also David Cecil, DNB, (Dictionary of National Biography; London, 1931-1940). Sir Richard's second wife, Lytton's mother, was the daughter of Sir J. P. Grant of Rothiemurchus and was keen on French literature; she influenced Lytton's precocious literary talent. He had a "laughing admiration" for the satirists of the 18th century, like Voltaire (1694-1778). Giles Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) was an English biographer and critic known for his satire of the Victorian Era. For primary education Strachey went to uncongenial upper-class boarding schools in Derbyshire and to Leamington College. The portrait of Strachey is a … He did prefer, however, what he called the "subtle attack" to undermine Victorian strictures on religious, artistic, social, and sexual matters. GENRE: Fiction Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. London, 1971. Omissions? He saw religion as Voltaire saw it, as a "ludicrous anachronism." He turned a blind eye to Moore's inherent puritanism. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He revisited the work by popular request and in 1971 released two revised volumes for Penguin Press: Lytton Strachey: A Biography and Lytton Strachey and the Bloomsbury Group. Strachey was the first to realize that in order to give a complete and human portrait. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-lytton. Rosenbaum, S. P., ed. Strachey's painstaking biographer, Michael Holroyd, revealed the Strachey letters, laying it all out in two volumes in 1967 and 1968 ("two fat volumes," as Strachey would have said). He was a spoiled child, of frail health, and always withdrawn. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. He inaugurated the new era of biographical writing at the close of World War I. Seven years later he produced Elizabeth and Essex (1928), a book full of vulgarized Freudianism that tampered with actual Tudor history. "Strachey, (Giles) Lytton ." Lytton Strachey, Writer: Gloriana. . . Lytton Strachey as a biographer. Strachey was fairly tall and excessively thin, with a disguising rust beard and a shrill voice. Lytton Strachey, in full Giles Lytton Strachey, (born March 1, 1880, London--died Jan. 21, 1932, Ham Spray House, near Hungerford, Berkshire, Eng. 8 letter words STRACHEY. At the time it was published Eminent Victorians was seen as a savage attack on the reputation of a number of English heroes. Leonard Woolf (1960) was on target, when he described the critic as "a strange character.". Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images . The four objects of Strachey's satire were Cardinal H. E. Manning, formerly a prominent Anglican member of the Oxford Movement, converted to Catholicism in 1851; Florence Nightingale, the "Lady with the Lamp," a founder of nursing and active with the wounded in the Crimean War; Thomas Arnold of Rugby School; and General C. G. "Chinese" Gordon, the pious hero killed by Mahdi raiders in the siege of Khartoum in 1885. Lytton Strachey was an English writer in the interwar period. He is best known for establishing a new form of biography in which psychological insight and sympathy are combined with irreverence and wit. One of the leading "Bloomsberries" was the "stream of consciousness" novelist Virginia Woolf (1882-1941), the sister of Vanessa Bell. Updates? He was the eleventh of thirteen children of an upper-middle-class family. Lytton Strachey saw in Moore's doctrines the importance of aesthetic experience and the gospel of personal friendship. World Encyclopedia. ytton Strachey (1880-1932) was an essayist and biographer, and a prominent member of London's culturally élite Bloomsbury Group. MAJOR WORKS: BORN: 1869, Paris, France MAJOR WORKS: Read Lytton Strachey ’s biography, works and quotes online for free. But in his next book, Queen Victoria (1921), Strachey was seduced by his subject. The biographer Lytton Strachey belonged to the Bloomsbury Group. Even though Lytton's family members on both sides were well-connected and prosperous, the large parental home in unfashionable Bayswater was "suffocating" to him. Encyclopedia.com. It is hard for the satirist not to treat the world and its problems as pure comedy. Holroyd, Michael, ed. During World War I, Strachey was a conscientious objector, but his impact on the larger public would be felt most strongly in 1918 with the publication of his best-selling work, Eminent Victorians. Authors who discuss Strachey in magazines include Edwin Muir, Nation and Athenaeum (April 25, 1925); John Raymond, New Statesman and Nation (April 16, 1955); Scott James, BC/Longmans (1955); Gertrude Himmelfarb, New Republic (May 28, 1968); and Noel Annan, New York Review of Books (June 6, 1968). [Michael Holroyd] has a great novelist's sense of the obstinate mystery of the human person. Likewise Strachey’s essay on Nightingale draws mostly on the two-decker biography by Sir Edward Cook (1913), a book that Strachey himself … It was at Trinity College, and later at King's College, that he met most of his intellectual friends, among them the philosopher G. E. Moore (1873-1958), the economist John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946), the novelist E. M. Forster (1879-1970), the critic and publisher Leonard Woolf (1880-1969), and the art critic Clive Bell (1881-1964). DIED: 1995, London, England (December 21, 2020). BORN: 1922, London, England He was the eleventh of thirteen children of an upper-middle-class family. "Giles Lytton Strachey He wrote a number of histories including a biography of Queen Victoria and another work called Eminent Victorians. We've arranged the synonyms in length order so that they are easier to find. His works include Eminent Victorians (1918), Queen Victoria (1921), and Elizabeth and Essex (1928). The subject here is best termed sacred biography, which most precisely designates the written accounts of lives of persons deem…, Galsworthy, John Although unsuccessful in forming lasting attachments with other men (his lovers included his cousin, the artist Duncan Grant, and Colette's translator, Roger Senhouse), he did inspire lifelong devotion from one person. . He returned to his parents' home in Lancaster Gate and supported himself as a journalist—contributing book and drama reviews to The Spectator magazine, the Nation, and the Athenaeum—and published two collections of verse and an important work of literary criticism, Landmarks in French Literature (1912). Carrington committed suicide immediately after his death. Treating his subjects from a highly idiosyncratic point of view, he was fascinated by personality and motive and delighted in pricking the pretensions of the great and reducing them to somewhat less than life-size. It tells of their affairs, the ups and downs of their lives and how they interconnected. Corrections? https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-lytton, "Strachey, Lytton . ), English biographer and critic who opened a new era of biographical writing at the close of World War I. Lytton Strachey was born in London on March 1, 1880. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Here, for example, Florence Nightingale appears as a "thin, angular woman" with a "haughty eye" and "acrid mouth," plagued by inner torments (173), and … Biography The new movement in biography as a literary form began in England with Giles Lytton Strachey (STRAY-chee) as World War I came to an end. As mentioned in the text, the definitive biography of Strachey is Michael Holroyd, Lytton Strachey: A Critical Biography (2 vols., 1967, 1968). Giles Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) was an English biographer and critic known for his satire of the Victorian Era. Lady Strachey also inspired Lytton's early interest in literature. Encyclopedia of Modern Europe: Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, Carlyle, Thomas The Apostles were personally affected by the philosophy of G. E. Moore. Almost instantly the postwar era plunged into "anti-Victorianism." In his preface, Strachey enunciated the two fold principle of selection and scrutiny which was to … Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-giles-lytton. Washington Post. He was a writer, known for Gloriana (1984), Gloriana (2013) and Gloriana (2018). In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He was the eleventh of thirteen children of an upper-middle-class family. World Encyclopedia. Bloomsbury itself became a widely used term connoting an insular, snobbish aestheticism. Although Strachey once joked that politics were as exciting as a game of bridge, he supported his mother's and sisters' efforts for women's suffrage, protested World War I, and opposed censorship. Holroyd relied upon and deferred to James Strachey in some of the authorial judgments. London, Anthony d’Offay Gallery (available through Yale University’s Digital Resources Collection). The Bloomsberries would "jump from sex to sex in making love. Encyclopedia.com. Michael Holroyd is the author of acclaimed biographies of George Bernard Shaw, the painter Augustus John, Lytton Strachey, and Ellen Terry and Henry Irving, as well as two memoirs, Basil Street Blues and Mosaic.Knighted for his services to literature, he is the president emeritus of the Royal Society of Literature and the only nonfiction writer to have been awarded the David Cohen British Prize Giles Lytton Strachey (March 1, 1880 – January 21, 1932) was a British writer and critic. His aim was to paint a portrait; and though this led to caricature and sometimes, through tendentious selection of material, to inaccuracy, he taught biographers a sense of form and of background, and he sharpened their critical acumen. Lytton Strachey’s brother James Strachey was still alive during the original writing. The Bloomsbury Group: A Collection of Memoirs, Commentary, and Criticism. GENRE: Fiction, nonfiction The humbug of the "eminent" Victorians was an easy target for Strachey to satirize, but it led critics to accuse him of caricature. Synonyms, crossword answers and other related words for LYTTON ___, ENGLISH BIOGRAPHER [strachey] We hope that the following list of synonyms for the word strachey will help you to finish your crossword today. In 1905 Strachey completed his work at Cambridge with a thesis on the English colonial administrator Warren Hastings (1732–1818) but failed to receive a Trinity fellowship. GENRE: Nonfiction He wore bookworm spectacles. Encyclopedia of Modern Europe: Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire. Keynes, Virginia Wolf and the others who lived or met around the London Suburb of Bloomsbury. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. 21 Dec. 2020 . English Literature, 20th cent. (December 21, 2020). Giles Lytton Strachey was the eleventh of thirteen children born to Sir Richard Strachey, engineer and Indian colonial servant, and Jane Grant, essayist and suffragist. The Immo…, Amis, Kingsley GENRE: Fiction; poetry; criticism 2 vols. Though bitterly attacked during his lifetime and after, Strachey remains a phenomenon in English letters and a preeminent humorist and wit. He managed to be a "conscientious objector" to the war. Giles Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) was an English biographer and critic known for his satire of the Victorian Era. Lytton Strachey Biography Eminent Victorians Questions and Answers The Question and Answer section for Eminent Victorians is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Strachey, (Giles) Lytton (1880–1932) English biographer and essayist, a member of the Bloomsbury Group. Strachey was not a historical revisionist; for that he would have to have been a scholar. Lytton Strachey, in full Giles Lytton Strachey, (born March 1, 1880, London—died Jan. 21, 1932, Ham Spray House, near Hungerford, Berkshire, Eng. Encyclopedia.com. Lytton Strachey by Himself: A Self-Portrait. ." They joined such other members of what became known as the Bloomsbury Group as Keynes, Clive Bell, Roger Fry, and Leonard Woolf for drinks and conversations about philosophy, art, religion, and politics. Lucky Jim…, Lyttleton, Humphrey “Humph” (Richard Adeane), Lytell, Jimmy (originally, Sarrapede, James), Lytton, Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron, Lytton, Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, earl of, Lytton, Victor Alexander George Robert Lytton, 2d earl of, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/giles-lytton-strachey, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-lytton, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-giles-lytton. After studying at Cambridge (1899–1903), Strachey lived in London, where he became a leader in the artistic, intellectual, and literary Bloomsbury group (q.v.). See alsoHomosexuality and Lesbianism; Wilde, Oscar. New York, 2002. London, 1967–1968. Strachey's biographer, Stanford Patrick Rosenbaum argues: "Strachey's preface to Eminent Victorians (1918) is a manifesto of modern biography, with its insistence that truth could now be only fragmentary, and that human beings were more than symptoms of history. Strachey also endured intense criticism while still alive from contemporaries like Rupert Brooke and D. H. Lawrence, who regarded his homosexuality as a corrupting influence among the younger generations at Cambridge. DIED: 1881, London, England Careers in public service were mainly full of political intrigue. The biography of Strachey is really a biography of the Bloomsbury Group. The war was of no consequence to Lytton's endless "partying" in country houses, nor to his writing schedule. □. Eminent Victorians, by Lytton Strachey, Penguin … Giles Lytton Strachey; 1 March 1880 – 21 January 1932) was a British writer and critic.. A founding member of the Bloomsbury Group and author of Eminent Victorians, he is best known for establishing a new form of biography in which psychological insight and sympathy are combined with irreverence and wit.His biography Queen Victoria (1921) was awarded the James Tait Black Memorial Prize. DIED: 1933, London, England ", The decline of Strachey's reputation came soon after his death. Adopting an irreverent attitude to the past and especially to the monumental life-and-letters volumes of Victorian biography, Strachey proposed to write lives with “a brevity which excludes everything that is redundant and nothing that is significant.” He is best known for Eminent Victorians—short sketches of the Victorian idols Cardinal Manning, Florence Nightingale, Thomas Arnold, and Gen. Charles “Chinese” Gordon. ReadCentral.com offers the most comprehensive collection of books and writings by Lytton Strachey "Strachey, Lytton NATIONALITY: British https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-giles-lytton, "Strachey, (Giles) Lytton ." His following works included Queen Victoria (1921), which was awarded the James Tait Black Memorial Prize, Elizabeth and Essex (1928), and Portraits in Miniature (1931). Lytton Strachey: A Critical Biography. In his preface, Strachey enunciated the two fold principle of selection and scrutiny which was to mark all his work. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Years later, Virginia Woolf reminisced that Strachey, as the leader of the "Bloomsberries," tore down the barriers of sexual reticence that had plagued their parents' generation. The term Stracheyesque continues to evoke a particular style of writing and behavior that is transgressive, ironic, and always amusing. Lytton Strachey, in full Giles Lytton Strachey, was an English biographer and critic who opened a new era of biographical writing at the close of World War I. Encyclopedia of Modern Europe: Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire. But human relationships were the nexus of life itself. GENRE: Fiction, drama Strachey has certainly revolutionized the art of writing a biography. Two years later, World War I broke out. Strachey's satirical portraits of Victorian icons—Florence Nightingale, Matthew Arnold, General Gordon, and Cardinal Manning—rejected the lengthy panegyrics of the nineteenth century, and his use of Freudian analysis heralded the creation of the "psychobiography." The biographer Lytton Strachey belonged to the Bloomsbury Group. In 1903 fellow Apostle George Edward Moore published Principia Ethica, producing a profound effect on the aspiring intellectuals. Adopting an irreverent attitude to the past and especially to the monumental life-and-letters volumes of Victorian biography, Strachey proposed to write lives … These were the attributes of the "good life." An interesting account of Strachey and other members of the Bloomsbury group is provided by John Keith Johnstone, in The Bloomsbury Group; a study of E.M. Forster, Lytton Strachey, Virginia Woolf, and Their Circle (Noonday Press, 1954). The biography of Strachey is really a biography of the Bloomsbury Group. Diagnosed a neurasthenic as a teen, Strachey suffered from poor health his entire life, yet managed to have a prolific career as a writer. Lytton Strachey was born in London on March 1, 1880. Lytton Strachey was named after his godfather, the first earl of Lytton, viceroy of India. Though he spent some years at boarding schools, including Abbotsholme and Leamington College, he received much of his education at home. Keynes, Virginia Wolf and the others who lived or met around the London Suburb of Bloomsbury. For at least some of this, we can thank the iconoclastic Lytton Strachey. The C…, Woolf, Virginia "—John Rothenstein, New York Times "Written with vivacity and scrupulousness. "Giles Lytton Strachey Although heralded in 1918 as a revolutionary biographer, Strachey temporarily faded into obscurity in the years following his death, and his work, along with that of the other "Bloomsberries," was attacked by Cambridge critics I. His father, Sir Richard Strachey, was a colonial Indian civil servant and civil engineer and a British army general; he was a typical Victorian explorer/ scientist. "Mordant irony" was replaced by grudging respect for the queen, even though Strachey felt himself amused by her antics. STRACHEY, LYTTON (1880–1932), English writer, member of the Bloomsbury Group. (December 21, 2020). Encyclopedia of World Biography. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Giles Lytton Strachey was born in 1880, the eleventh of thirteen children, to General Sir Richard Strachey and his wife Jane Grant. In 1915 Strachey met the young art student Dora Carrington and, despite her subsequent marriage to Ralph Partridge and Strachey's love affairs, the couple shared a home for the next seventeen years. One critic in 1931 isolated one word, "preposterous," which Strachey used over and over again, about his stick-figure characters. This quiz sorts out the truth about beloved authors and stories, old and new. 2nd April 2017. ." After partly failing in Cambridge (with a second-class degree and no fellowship at Trinity), Strachey went to London to endure 13 years of penny-pinching frustration as a weekly reviewer for the Spectator, edited by his pedigreed cousin. , you are agreeing to news, offers, and Elizabeth and Essex 1928... 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